Publications not related to small-scale mining

Appel, P. W. U. 1971: An early Precambrian supposed conglomerate in the Fiskenæsset area, West Greenland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Denm., 21, 11-17.

Appel, P. U. 1974: On an unmetamorphosed iron-formation in the early Precambrian of Southwest Greenland. Miner. Deposita 9, 75-82.

Appel, P. W. U. 1977: Aeolian differentiation of basaltic tuffs in the Early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 11, 521-528.

Appel, P. W. U. 1978: On the occurrence of stratabound galena and Ni-Sb sulphosalts in the Early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. XI General Meeting of IMA, Novosibirsk, U.S.S.R., 1978, Abstr. Vol., I, 143-144.

Appel, P. W. U. 1978: On a banded iron-formation in the early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. Archaean field conference Toronto, Canada: Smith, J. E. M. & Williams, J. G. (eds.), 326-328.

Appel, P. W. U. 1978: Lagbundne kobbermineraliseringer i båndede jernmalme og basaltiske tuffer i det tidligt Prækambriske Isua suprakrustalbælte, Vest Grøland. Nord. Geol. Vinterm. Jan. 1978, Copenhagen, Abstr. vol. XIII, p. 39.

Appel, P. W. U. 1979: Cosmic grains in an iron-formation from the Early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. J. Geol. 87, 573-578.

Appel, P. W. U. 1979: Stratabound copper sulfides in a banded iron-formation and in basaltic tuffs in the Early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. Econ. Geol., 74, 45-52.

Appel, P. W. U. 1979: Über die Geochemie der früh-archaischen Eisen-formation West-Grönland, Abstr. D. M. G. Meeting, 1979, Fort. Miner. 57, Beiheft 1, p. 71.

Appel, P. W. U. 1980: Stratabound galena and sulphides of Ni-Sb-Cd-Ag in the Early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. Proc. XI IMA Meeting Novosibirsk 1978, 140-148.

Appel, P. W. U. 1980: On the geochemistry of the Early Archaean Isua iron-formation, West Greenland. 1980 Archaean Geochem. Conf. Perth, p. 31.

Appel, P. W. U. 1980: Cosmic grains in an iron-formation from the Early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland: A reply. J. Geol. 88, 490-491.

Appel, P. W. U. 1980: On the Early Archaean Isua iron-formation, West Greenland. Precam.
Res., 11, 73-87.

Appel, P. W. U. 1980: Need for an iron-formation reference sample. Geostandards Newsletter. Vol. 4, 19.

Appel, P. 1981: Geologiske undersøgelser i Isukasia, Nuuk Kommune. Tidskr. Grønland. 1,
16-21.

Appel, P. W. U. 1982: On the genesis of the Early Archaean Isua iron-formation, West
Greenland. in: Sidorenko, A. V. (ed.) Sedimentary geology of highly metamorphosed
Precambrian complexes. Moskva 1982, 221-232.

Appel, P. W. U. 1982: Strata-bound sulphides in the early Archaean Isua supracrustal belt,
West Greenland. in: Amstutz, G. C., El Goresy, A., Frenzel, G., Kluth, C., Moh, G.,
Waushkuhn, A. & Zimmermann, R. A.: Ore Genesis. The state of art. Springer-
Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 405-413.

Appel, P. W. U. 1982: Rare earth element distribution patterns in the early Archaean Isua
iron-formation, West Greenland. Abstr. Development and interactions of
Precambrian lithosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. Inst. Geol. Universidad Nac.
Aut. De Mexico, 3.

Appel, P. W. U. 1983: Rare Earth Elements in the Early Archaean Isua iron-formation, West
Greenland. Precam. Res., 20, 243-258.

Appel, P. W. U. 1983: Tungsten in the Godthåb area, West Greenland. Rapp. Grønl. geol.
Unders., 115, 59-64.

Appel, P. W. U. 1983: Mineralisations in the Malene supracrustals, West Greenland. Rapp.
Grønl. geol. Unders., 115, 64-67.

Appel, P. 1983: Nuukit – Grønlands nye smykkesten. Tidskr. Grønland, 6, 157-158.

Appel, P. W. U. 1984: Tungsten mineralisations in the Godthåb area, West Greenland. Rapp.
Grønl. geol. Unders., 120, 51-54.

Appel, P. W. U. 1984: Tungsten occurrences in the Archaean of Central West Greenland. 27th Intern. Geol. Congr. Moscow 1984. Abstr. vol. II, 248-249.

Appel, P. W. U. 1984: Tourmaline in the Early Archaean Isua supracrustal rocks of West
Greenland. 27th Intern. Geol. Congr. Moscow 1984. Abstr. vol. IX, Pt. 2, 116.

Appel, P. W. U. 1984: Tourmaline in the Early Archaean Isua supracrustal belt, West
Greenland. J. Geol., 92, 599-605.

Appel, P. W. U. 1984: On an iron-formation in the Precambrian Tartoq Group South-West
Greenland. Rapp. Grønl. geol. Unders., 120, 74-78.

Appel, P. W. U. 1985: On the occurrence of scheelite in the Early Archaean Isua supracrustal
belt, West Greenland. Rapp. Grønl. geol. Unders., 125, 45-47.

Appel, P. 1985: Greenland – A major tungsten province. Intern Mining April, 85.

Appel, P. W. U. 1985: Strata-bound tourmaline in the Archaean Malene supracrustal belt,
West Greenland. Can. J. Earth Sci., 22, 1485-1491.

Appel, P. 1985: Wolframeftersøgning i Vestgrønland. Varv. 1, 8-13.

Appel, P. 1985: Minedrift i lille målestok. Geogr. Orientering. 4, 132-133.

Appel, P. 1985: Var der liv på Jorden for 3,8 mia. år siden? Naturens Verden. 185-190.

Appel, P. 1986: Tungsten in West Greenland. Mining Magazine. Feb. 102-103.

Appel, P. 1986: Greenland tungsten. Northern Miner. 71, 43.

Appel, P. W. U. 1986: Gahnite in an Archaean iron-formation, West Greenland. Mineral.
Mag., 50, 175-177.

Appel, P. W. U. 1986: Strata-bound scheelite in the Archaean Malene supracrustal belt, West
Greenland. Miner. Deposita, 21, 207-215.
Appel, P. W. U. 1986: Tungsten exploration in the southern part of the Godthåb area, West
Greenland. Rapp. Grønl. geol. Unders., 130, 57-60.
Appel, P. W. U. 1986: Stratabound scheelite in the Archaean of West Greenland. Tungsten
colloquium. Toulouse. Prog. and abstr. 40.
Appel, P. W. U. 1986: Gahnite in the Archaean Malene iron-formation, West Greenland.
Proc. Intern. Conf. Metallogeny of the Precambrian. Pouba, Z. (ed.). Geo. Surv.,
Prague. 157-163.
Appel, P. W. U. 1986: Metallogeny of the Archaean supracrustal rocks of West Greenland.
Workshop on: Ancient supracrustals of Sargur type. Mysore, India. Dec. 12-16,
1986. Abstr. 56-57.
Appel, P. W. U. 1987: Stratiform tourmalinites in the Archaean tungsten province, West
Greenland. EUG Meeting Strasbourg. Terra Cognita Abstract. 320-321.
Appel, P. W. U. 1987: Geochemistry of the Early Archaean Isua iron-formation, West
Greenland. in: Appel, P. W. U. and LaBerge, G. (eds.): Precambrian iron-formations.
Theophrastus Publications. Athens. 31-67.
Appel, P. W. U. 1987: Scheelite occurrences in granulite facies metamorphosed supracrustal
rocks, West Greenland. Rapp. Grønl. Geol. Unders., 135, 42-45.
Appel, P. W. U. 1988: Tungsten Mineralization in the Archaean of West Greenland.
Krystalinikum, 19, 9-20.
Appel, P. W. U. 1988: On an Sn-W-bearing iron-formation in the Archaean Malene
supracrustals, West Greenland. Precam. Res., 39, 131-137.
Appel, P. W. U. 1988: Stratiform tourmalinites in the Archaean tungsten province of West
Greenland. Mineral. Petrol., 39, 79-91.
Appel, P. W. U. 1988: Scheelite in the Malene supracrustals of the Ivisârtoq area, West
Greenland. Rapp. Grønl. geol. Unders., 140, 57-58.
Appel, P. W. U. 1988: Tourmalinites in Precambrian supracrustal rocks from Aasiaat, West
Greenland. Rapp. Grønl. geol. Unders., 140, 44-46.
Appel, P. W. U. 1988: Tourmalinites: their geologic and economic significance. NGV-88,
Abstracts. 35.
Appel, P. W. U. 1989: Investigations of heavy mineral concentrates from stream sediment
samples collected during the period 1982 to 1986 in the Nuuk area, West Greenland.
Grønlands geol. Unders. Open File Ser. 89/1, 17 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1990: Tungsten mineralization in the Nuuk region, West Greenland.
Grønlands geol. Unders. Open File Ser. 90/4, 51 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1990: Gold occurrences in supracrustal rocks of the Nuuk region, West
Greenland. Grønlands geol. Unders. Open File Ser., 90/8, 21 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1990: Copper, zinc and nickel occurrences in the Nuuk region, West
Greenland. Grønlands geol. Unders. Open File Ser. 90/9, 28 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1990: Mineral occurrences. in. Higgins, A. K. Neria 61 V. 1 Nord, Midternæs 61 V.2 Nord. Geological Map of Greenland 1 : 100 000, Grønl. geol. Unders. 20-22.
Appel, P. W. U. 1991: The Isua iron ore deposit at Isukasia, West Greenland. Grønlands geol.
Unders. Open File Ser., 91/3, 31 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1992: Bjørnesund Project, West Greenland. Rapp. Grønlands geol. Unders.
155, 24-27.
Appel, P. W. U. 1992: Tourmalinites in supracrustal rocks in the Bjørnesund area, West
Greenland. Rapp. Grønlands geol. Unders. 155, 73-78.
Appel, P. W. U. 1992: Seafloor hydrothermal tungsten mineralization in Archaean
supracrustal rocks, West Greenland. 29th. Intern. Geol. Congr. Kyoto 1992, Abstr. 3,
755
Appel, P. W. U. 1992: Chromite in the Fiskenæsset stratiform anorthosite complex, West
Greenland. Grønlands Geol. Unders. Open File Ser. 92/5, 20 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1993: Economic Geology (of the Qorqut area) in: McGregor,V. R.:
Geological map of Greenland 1 : 100 000, Qôrqut 64 V.1 Syd. Grønlands Geol.
Unders. 34-36.
Appel, P. W. U. 1993: Gold and platinum-group element anomalies in the Fiskenæsset
stratiform anorthosite complex, West Greenland. Grønlands geol. Unders. Open file
Ser. 93/6, 24 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1994: Stratabound scheelite in altered Archaean komatiites, West Greenland.
Mineralium Deposita, 29, 341-352.
Appel, P. W. U. 1994: Dispersion patterns of kimberlite indicator minerals, West Greenland.
Grønlands geol. Unders. Open File Ser. 94/16, 37 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1995: Bromine enrichment in tungsten-mineralised submarine hydrothermal
alteration zones of komatiitic and tholeiitic extrusive rocks of Archaean age, West
Greenland. EUG 8 Strasbourg, France Abstract suppl. N0. 1 to Terra Nova, 7, p. 207.
Appel, P. W. U. 1995: Gold in supracrustal rocks of the Nuuk region, West Greenland. Int.
Liason Group on Gold Mineralization, 20, 3-4.
Appel, P. W. U. 1995: Tourmalinites in the 3800 Ma old Isua supracrustal belt, West
Greenland. Precam. Res. 72, 227-234.
Appel, P. W. U. 1995: Ruby occurrences in the Fiskenæsset area, West Greenland. Grønlands
geol. Unders. Open file Ser. 95/11, 26 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. 1996: A new type of glacial deposit. Nature 379, 590-591.
Appel, P. 1996: Minturn cirkler – en nyopdaget form for istidsaflejringer. Naturens Verden, 6,
1996, 219-224.
Appel, P. W. U. 1996: The puzzle of the circular features in Inglefield Land, North-West
Greenland. Grønl. geol. Unders. Bull. 172, 69-70.
Appel, P. W. U. 1996: Minturn cirkler – et nyt glacialt fænomen. GEUS’s årsberetning, 84-89.
Appel, P. W. U., 1996: Minturn circles – A new glacial feature. Can. Journ. Earth Sci., 33,
1457-1461.
Appel, P., 1996: Liv på jorden for 3,8 mia år siden? Forskning i Grønland, 4/96, 4-7.
Appel, P., 1997: Spor af liv på jorden fundet i 3800 mio. år gamle gamle sten fra Grønland.
Naturens Verden 2/97, 52-56.
Appel, P. W. U., 1997: Minturn circles – A new type of glacial deposits. E.U.G 9, Abstracts,
210.
Appel, P. W. U., 1997: High bromine contents and low Cl/Br ratios in hydrothermally altered
Archaean komatiitic rocks, West Grenland. Precam. Res. 82, 177-189.
Appel, P. 1997: Minturn cirkler – et mystisk naturfænomen. Varv, 1/97, 18-25.
Appel, P. W. U., 1997: Al-rich warwickite from Inglefield Land, North-West Greenland,
Miner. Mag., 61, 693-698.
Appel, P., 1997: Tidligste spor af liv på Jorden, GeologiskNyt, 97/5, 3-5.
Appel, P. W. U. 1999: Gold mineralizations in the ~ 3.7-3.8 Ga Isua Greenstone Belt, West
Greenland. Gold ’99 Trondheim Abstr. 18-19.
Appel, W. U. 1999: Ny fokus på jordens ældste bjergarter. GEUS Årsberetning 1998, 49-57.
Appel, P. W. U. 1999: Collection of museum specimen from the oldest rocks on Earth for NATURALIS, Leiden, Holland. GEUS, Report 1999/65, 16 pp.
Appel, P.W.U. 2000: Minturn cirkels: een recent ontdekt glaciaal fenomeen.Gea, 35(4), 24-
27. Purmerend, Netherlands: Stichting Geologische Aktiviteiten.
Appel, P. W. U., 2000: Gahnite in the ~3.75 Ga Isua Greenstone Belt, West Greenland. Miner. Mag. 64(1), 121-124.
Appel, P. W. U., 2000: Gold mineralisation in the ~3.8 Ga Isua greenstone belt, West
Greenland. AGU 2000 Abstract.
Appel, P. W. U., 2001: På sporet af jordens ældste havvand. Naturens Verden 10, 2001, 20-25.
Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Possible immiscibility structures in pillow lavas in the Isua Greenstone belt, West Greenland. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 20-23.
Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Nuummiet: de ontdekking van en nieuwe edelsteen. GEA, Stichting Geologische Aktiviteiten, Netherlands, 35, 18-20.
Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Bliksem in Groenland, GEA, Stichting Geologische Aktiviteiten, Netherlands, 35, 27-30.
Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Lyn over Grønland. Naturens Verden 16-23.
Appel, P. W. U., 2002: De ældste sten – det ældste liv. GEUS Geologi, 2-7.
Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Spor efter lyn fundet nær kanten af Grønlands Indlandsis. GEUS Geologi, 8-11.
Appel, P. W. U., 2003: Lyn over Grønland – et sjældent fænomen. Vejret 97, 27-30.
Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Metallogeny of two Archaean greenstone belts in Central West Greenland. Abstract for meeting in Kyiv.
Appel, P. W. U., Polat, A. & Frei, R. 2009 : Dacitic ocelli in mafic lavas 3.8-3.7 Ga Isua greenstone belt, West Greenland: Geochemical evidence for partial melting of oceanic crust and magma mixing, Chemical Geology 258, 105-124.
Ordóñez-Calderón, J.C., Polat, A., Fryer, B., Appel, P.W.U., van Gool, J.A.M., Dilek, Y. & Gagnon, J.E., 2009.Geochemistry and tectonic origin of Mesoarchean oceanic crust in the Ujarassuit and Ivisaartoq greenstone belts, SW Greenland. Lithos 113, 133-157.
Appel, P. W. U. & Jagoutz, E. 1978: On the geochemistry of meta-basalts and meta-rhyolites
in the Early Precambrian Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. XI General IMA
meeting Novosibirsk, Abstr. II, 152.
Appel, P. W. U., Moorbath, S., Taylor, P. N. 1978: Least radiogenic lead from Isua, West
Greenland. Nature, 242, 524-526.
Appel, P. W. U. & Secher, K. 1982: On a gold mineralisation in the Middle Precambrian
Tartoq group, south-west Greenland. IGCP meeting on Sedimentary and Diagenetic
Processes in Precambrian Metallogenesis London, 1982. Abstr. 17.
Appel, P. W. U. & Secher, K. 1984: On a gold mineralization in the Precambrian Tartoq
group, South-West Greenland. Journ. Geol. Soc. Lond. 141, 273-278.
Appel, P. W. U. and Jensen, Aa. 1987: A new gem material from Greenland: Iridescent
orthoamphibole. Gems and Gemmology XXIII, 36-42
Appel, P. W. U. & Garde, A. A. 1987: Stratabound scheelite and stratiform tourmalinites in
the Archaean Malene supracrustal rocks, southern West Greenland. Bull. Grønlands
geol. Unders. 156, 26 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. & Knudsen, C. 1988: Stream sediment sampling in the Atâ area, central West
Greenland. Rapp. Grønlands geol. Unders. 140, 24-26.
Appel, P. W. U. & Kunzendorf, H. 1989: Possibility of Offshore Mineral Deposits in
Greenland Waters. Marine Mining. 8, 155-162.
Appel, P. W. U., Lind, M. & Nielsen, J. P. 1993: Gold exploration on the ‘Nanortalik
peninsula’, South Greenland. Grønlands geol. Unders. Open file Ser. 93/3, 66 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. and Uspensky, E. I. 1993: Rare Earth Element patterns in stratabound
scheelite in Archaean supracrustal rocks of West Greenland. Terra Abstracts. 452.
Appel, P. W. U. & Chaussidon, M. 1994: Search for meteoritic components in the 3800
million years old Isua supracrustal belt, West Greenland. Grønl. geol. Unders.
Rapport 160, 45-47.
Appel, P. W. U., Dawes, P. R. D., Schønwandt, H. K., Thomassen, B. And Thorning, L. 1995:
The Minturn Elv magnetite occurrence, Inglefield Land, North-West Greenland.
Grønlands geol. Unders. Open file Ser. 95/14, 14 pp.
Appel, P. W. U., Bigi, S. and Brigatti, M. F. 1997: Crystal chemistry and microstructures of
Al-rich warwickite. Plinius, Italian appendix of European Journal of Mineralogy, 18,
31.
Appel, P: W. U., Fedo, C. M., Moorbath, S. and Myers, J. S.: Well Preserved Volcanic
Features in the 3.8 Ga Isua Greenstone Belt, West Greenland. 14th International
Conference on Basement Tectonics, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil, June, 1-5, 1998.
Abstract 177-178.
Appel, P. W. U., Fedo, C. M., Moorbath, S. and Myers, J. S.1998: Recognizable primary
volcanic and sedimentary features in a low-strain domain of the highly deformed,
oldest known (~3.7-3.8 Gyr) Greenstone Belt, Isua, West Greenland. Terra Nova. 10,
57-62
Appel, P. W. U, Fedo, C, M., Moorbath, S. and Myers, J. S. 1998: Early Archaean Isua
supracrustal belt, West Greenland: pilot study of the Isua multidisciplinary research
project. Geol of Greenland Surv Bull. 180, 94-99
Appel, P. W. U., Bigi, S. & Brigatti, M. F. 1999: Crystal structure and chemistry of
yuanfuliite and its relationships with warwickite. Eur. J. Mineral. 11, 483-491.
Appel, P. W. U. and Brigatti, M. F. 1999: Ludwigite from central Sweden: new data and
crystal structure refinement. Mineralogical Magazine 63(4), 511-518.
Appel, P.W.U., and Moorbath, S., 1999, Exploring Earth’s Oldest Geological Record
in West Greenland: EOS, v. 80, nr. 23, p. 257.
Appel, P. W. U., Glahder, C. M., Mnali, S., Muhongo, S., Petro, F., Rasmussen, T. M.,
Stendal, H., Temu, E. B., Thorning, L. and Tukiainen, T.,: An integrated
approach to mineral exploration and environmental assessment in southern and
eastern Africa – a pilot study in Tanzania. GEUS Rapport 2000/16, 155 pp.
Appel, P. W. U. and Touret, J. L. R., 2000: De oudste gesteenten op Aarde. Gea, 33, 1-6.
Appel, C. C., Appel, P. W. U. and Rollinson, H. R., 2000: Complex growth of chromite grains
in a ~3.75 Ga old ultrabasic intrusion, West Greenland. AGU 2000 abstract.
Appel, C. C., Appel, P. W. U. and Rollinson, H. R., 2001: Chemistry and Morphology of
Chromite Grains in an Early Archaean Ultrabasic Intrusion, West Greenland.
Abstract EUG
Appel, C. C., Appel, P. W. U. and Rollinson, H. R. 2002: Complex chromite textures reveal the history of an early Archaean layered ultramafic body in West Greenland. Miner. Mag. 66, 1029-1041.
Appel, P. W. U., Bliss, I. C., Coller, D., Grahl-Madsen, L. and Petersen, J. S., 2000: Recent
gold discoveries in Archaean rocks of central West Greenland. Trans. Instn Min.
Metall. (Sect. B: Appl. Earth Sci.), 109, B34-B41.
Appel, P. W. U., Rollinson, H. R., Touret, J. R. L. 2001: Remnants of an Early Archaean
(>3.75Ga) sea-floor, hydrothermal system in the Isua Greenstone Belt. Precam. Res.
112/1-2, 27-49.
Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S., 2002: Isuasphera isua (Pflug) revisited. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 24-25.
Appel, C. C., Appel, P. W. U. and Rollinson, H. R., 2002: Complex chromite textures reveal the magmatic evolution of an early Archean layered ultramafic body in West Greenland. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 17-19.
Appel, P.W.U., Moorbath, S., Myers, J.S. 2003: Isuasphera isua (Pflug) revisited. Precam. Res. 126, 309-312.
Appel, P.W.U., Moorbath, S., Touret, J. L. R. 2003: Early Archaean Processes and the Isua Greenstone Belt, West Greenland. Precam. Res. 126, 173-180.
Appel, P.W.U., Dyikanova, C., Esengolova, N., Tageva, A. 2003: Baseline survey of artisanal and small-scale mining and Teaching seminars for small-scale miners in Kyrgyz Republic 2003. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Report. 2004/11. 28 pp.
Appel, P. W. U., Coller, D., Coller, V., Heijlen, W. Moberg, E. D., Polat, A., Raith, J., Schjøth, F., Stendal, H., Thomassen, B.: 2005. Is there a gold province in the Nuuk region?. Danmarks and Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse Rapport 2005/27, 79 pp.
Appel, P. W. U., Garde, A. A., Jørgensen, M. S., Moberg, E., Rasmussen, T. M., Schjøth and Steenfelt, A., 2003: Preliminary evaluation of the economic potential of the greenstone belts in the Nuuk region. Danmarks and Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse Rapport 2003/94, 147 pp.
Appel, P.W.U., Abrahamsen, N. & Rasmussen, T.M, 2006. Unusual features caused by lightning impact in West Greenland. Geological Magazine, Volume 143, Issue 05, September 2006, pp 737-741.
Appel, P.W.U., Kalvig, P., Polat, A., Rudashevsky, N., Rudashevsky, V. & Stepanov, N. 2009. Interrim results of the PGE investigations in the Fiskenæsseet anorthosite complex. In: Jochen Kolb Thomas Kokfelt (eds.) Annual workshop on the geology of southern West Greenland related to field work: abstract volume 1 p. 28.
Arrhenius, G., Lepland, A., Asaro, F. and Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Search for Extraterrestrial Impact Record in Isua sediments. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 26-27.
Cas, R. A. F., Beresford, S. and Appel, P., 2001: Reassessing the earliest known
palaeoenvironments on earth from the volcanic and sedimentary record of the
3.7-3.8Ga Isua Greenstone belt, Greenland. In: Cassidy, K. F., Dunphy, J. M.
and van Kranendonk, M. J. 4th International Archaean Symposium Extended
Abstracts, p. 37.
Chaussidon, M. & Appel, P. W. U., 1997: Boron isotopic composition of tourmalines from
the 3.8-Ga-old Isua supracrustals, West Greenland: implications on the δ11 B value of
early Archean seawater. Chem. Geol. 136, 171-180.
Chibunda, R. & Appel, P. W. U., 2007: Kviksølv og helbred. Geoviden, nr. 2, 16-17
Erfurt, P. Appel, P. W. U. & Lind, M. 1991: Geochemical investigation of heavy mineral
concentrates from stream sediments in southern West Greenland, 62030’N to 64000’N
– 1991 results. Grønlands geol. Unders. Open File Ser. 92/1, 39 pp.
Eilu, P., Garofalo, P., Appel, P. W. U. and Heijlen, W., 2006: Alteration patterns in Au-mineralised zones of Storø, Nuuk region – West Greenland. GEUS Rapport 2006/30, 73 pp.
Fedo, C. M., Myers, J. S. and Appel, P. W. U., 2001: Depositional setting and Palaeographic
Implications of Earth’s Oldest supracrustal rocks, the >3.7 Ga Isua Greenstone
belt, West Greenland. Sedimentary Geology 141-142, 61-77.
Glahder, C. M., Appel, P. W. U. and Asmund, G. 1999. Mercury in Soap in Tanzania. NERI
Technical Report No. 306. National Environmental Research Institute, Denmark, pp.
19.
Grassineau, N. V. and Appel, P. W. U. 2000: Variations in the Stable Isotope Compositions for Two Gold deposits in the Isua Greenstone Belt, Wet Greenland. AGU 2000, Abstract.
Grassineau, N. V., Appel, P. W. U. and Lowry, D., 2002: Sulphur and Oxygen Isotopic results for the Isua Greenstone Belt, West Greenland: Evaluating the Sources of Components in Mineral Deposits. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 27-28.
Grassineau, N. V., Appel, P. W. U., Fowler, C. M. R. and Nisbet, E. G.: Distinguishing biological from hydrothermal signatures via sulphur and carbon isotopes in Archaean mineralizations at 3.8 and 2.7. In: McDonald, I., Boyce, A. J., Butler, I. B., Herrington, R. J. and Polya, D. A. (eds) 2005. Mineral Deposits and Earth Evolution. Geol. Soc., London, Special Publications, 248, 195-212.
Grassineau, N. V., Appel, P. W. U., Fowler C. M. R.and E. G. Nisbet, 2005: Distinguishing biological from hydrothermal signatures via sulphur and carbon isotopes in Archaean mineralizations at 3.8 and 2.7 Ga Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Pub. 248, 195-212.
Grassineau, N.V., Nisbet, E.G., Appel, P.W.U. and Fowler, C.M.R.. 2006.
Use of S and C isotopes to distinguish between biological and hydrothermal signatures in 3.8 and 2.7 Ga Archaean rocks. EGU Vienna 2006. Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 8, 07642.
Grassineau, N. V., Abell, P., Appel, P. W. U., Lowry, D. and Nisbet, E. G., 2006: Early life signatures in sulfur and carbon isotopes from Isua, Barberton, Wabigoon (Steep Rock), and Belingwe Greenstone belts (3.8 to 2.7 Ga). Geol. Soc. Amer. Memoir 198, 33-52.
Heijlen, W., Appel, P. W. U., Frezzotti, M-L, Horsewell, A. and Touret, J. L. R., 2006: Metamorphic fluid flow in the northeastern part of the 3.8-3.7 Ga Isua Greenstone Belt (SW Greenland): A re-evaluation of fluid inclusion evidence for early Archean seafloor-hydrothermal systems. Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta, 70, 3075-3095.
Juul-Pedersen, A., Frei, R., Appel, P.W.U., Persson, M. F. & Konnerup-Madsen, J., 2007: A shear-zone related greenstone belt hosted gold mineralization in the Archean of West Greenland. A petrographic and combined Pb-Pb and Rb-Sr geochronological study. Ore Geology Reviews vol 32 1-2, 20-32.
Jørgensen, U. G. and Appel, P. W. U., 2002: Cosmic origin of the Earths water. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 28-29.
Jørgensen, U.G., Appel, P.W.U., Hatsukawa, Y., Frei, R., Oshima, M., Yosuke, T. & Kimura, A., 2009: The Earth–Moon system during the late heavy bombardment period – Geochemical support for impacts dominated by comets. Icarus, 204 (2009) 368-380.
Lepland, A., Appel, P. U. & Arrhenius, G. 1999: Microstratigraphy of Isua Metasediments,
West Greenland. EUG 10, Abstr. 257.
Lowry, D., Appel, P. W. U., Rollinson, H.R. 2003: Oxygen isotope investigation of a layered early Archaean chromitite, south of Isua, West Greenland. Precam. Res. 126, 273-288.
Hayashi, M., Maruyama, S. & Appel, P. 1992: The Archaean regional metamorphism in the
Isua region, southern West Greenland. Evolving Earth Symposium, Okazaki, Japan,
1992, 114-123.
Kalvig, P. and Appel, P. W. U. 1994: Greenlandic mineral resources for use in advanced
materials. Industrial Minerals 319, 45-51.
Maruyama, S., Masuda, T. and Appel, P. 1991: The oldest accretionary complex on Earth,
Isua, Greenland. Geol Soc. Am., Abstracts with programs, A429-430.
Maruyama, S., Masuda, T., Nohda, S. & Appel, P. 1992: The earliest records on oceanic and
continental crusts from 3.8 Ga accretionary complex, Isua Greenland. 29th Intern.
Geol. Congr. Kyoto 1992, Abstr. 1, 5.
Maruyama, S., Masuda, T., Nohda, S., Appel, P., Otofuji, Y., Miki, M., Shibata. T. & Hagiya,
H. 1992: The 3.9-3.8 Ga Plate tectonics on the Earth; Evidence from Isua, Greenland. Evolving Earth Symposium, Okazaki, Japan, 1992, 113.
Masuda, T., Morikawa, T., Nakyama, Y., Maruyama, S., Nohda, S. & Appel, P. 1992:
Deformation analysis of a conglomerate from the 3800 Ma Isua supracrustal belt,
West Greenland: restoration of the oldest conglomerate on Earth by de-straining.
29th. Intern. Geol. Congr. Kyoto 1992, Abstr. 1, 51.
Monster, J., Appel, P. W. U., Thode, H. G., Schidlowski, M., Carmichael, C. M. and
Bridgwater, D. 1979: Sulfur isotope studies in Early Archaean sediments from Isua,
West Greenland: Implications for the Antiquity of bacterial sulfate reduction. Geoch.
Cosmoch. Acta. 43, 405-413.
Moorbath, S. and Appel, P. W. U., 2000: The Early Precambrian (c. 3.7-3.8 Ga) Isua
Greenstone Belt (IGB), West Greenland: an overview of recent research. AGU 2000
abstract.
Mudrovska, I. Appel, P. W. U., 2002: The origin of hematite ore in the Isua iron formation, West Greenland. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 45-47.
Ordóñez-Calderón, J.C., Polat, A., Fryer, B., J.E. Gagnon, J.E., Raith, J.G., and Appel, P.W.U., 2008. Evidence for HFSE and REE mobility during calc-silicate metasomatism, Mesoarchean (~3075 Ma) Ivisaartoq greenstone belt, southern West Greenland. Precambrian Research 161, 317-340.
Perez, E., Appel, P. W. U. & Koester-Rasmussen, R. 2007. Training of small-scale miners and their families in safe handling of mercury during extraction of gold in the Philippines. Improving access to social services: health services and income opportunities for small-scale miners and their families. Danmarks og Grønlands Geol. Unders. Rapport 2007/35, 59 pp.
Polat, A., Hofmann, A. W., Myers, J. and Appel, P. W. U. 1999: Geochemistry of 3.7-3.8 Ga
pillow basalt cores and rims from the Isua Greenstone Belt (Northwestern Domain),
Greenland: Implications for geodynamic settings. Abstract Goldschmidt meeting.
Polat, A., Regelous, M., Hofmann, A.W., and Appel, P.W.U. 2000: Contrasting Element and
Radiogenic Isotope Signatures in the 3.7-3.8 Ga Pillow Basalt Rims and Cores, Isua
Greenstone Belt, Greenland: Implications for Early Archean Sea Floor Alteration
Processes. AGU abstract
Polat, A., Appel, P. W. U., Frei, R., Pan, P., Dilek, Y., Ordóñez-Caldedrón, Fryer, B., Hollis, J. A. and Raith, J. G., 2007: Field and geochemical characteristics of the Mesoarchean (~3075 Ma) Ivisaartoq greenstone belt, southern West Greenland: Evidence for seafloor hydrothermal alteration in supra-subduction oceanic crust. Gondwana Research 11, 69-91
Polat A., Hofmann,. A. W., Münker, C., Regelous, M. and Appel, P. W. U., 2003. Contrasting geochemical patterns in the 3.7-3.8 Ga pillow basalt cores and rims, Isua greenstone belt, Southwest Greenland: Implications for postmagmatic alteration processes. Geoc. Cosmoch. Acta, 67, 441-457.
Polat, A., Hofmann, A. W. and Appel, P. W. U., 2004: Geochemical diversity in volcanic rocks of the 3.7-3.8 Ga Isua greenstone belt, SW Greenland: Implications for Mantle Composition. In: P. Eriksson et al. (Eds.), Tempos and events in Precambrian Time, Development in Precambrian Geology, Vol. 12, Elsevier, 74-88.
Polat, A., Frei, R., Appel, P.W.U., Fryer, B., Dilek, Y., and Ordóñez-Calderón, J.C., 2008. An overview of the lithological and geochemical characteristics of the Mesoarchean (ca. 3075 Ma) Ivisaartoq greenstone belt, SW Greenland. In: Pease, V., Condie, K.C. (Editors), When Did Plate Tectonics Begin on Planet Earth? Geological Society of America, Special Paper 440, 51-76.
Polat, A., Frei, R., Appel, P.W.U., Dilek, Y., Fryer, B., Ordóñez-Calderón, J.C., and Yang, Z., 2008. The origin and compositions of Mesoarchean oceanic crust: Evidence from the 3075 Ma Ivisaartoq greenstone belt, SW Greenland. Lithos 100, 293-321.
Polat, A., Appel, P.W.U., Fryer, B., Windley, B., Frey, R., Samson, E. M. & Huang, H.. 2009: Trace element systematics of the Neoarchean Fiskenæsset anorthosite complex and associated meta-volcanic rocks, SW. Greenland: Evidence for a magmatic arc origin. Precam. Res. 175, 87-115.
Polat, A., Fryer, B.J., Appel, P.W.U., Kalvig, P., Kerrich, R., Dilek, Y., & Yan, Z., 2010. Geochemistry of anorthositic differentiated sills in the Archean (~ 2970 Ma) Fiskenæsset Complex, SW Greenland: Implications for parental magma compositions, geodynamic setting, and secular heat flow in arcs Lithos, 123, 50-72
Polat, A., Frei, R., Fryer, B. & Appel, P. W. U., 2009: The origin of geochemical trends and Eoarchean (ca. 3700 Ma) zircons in Mesoarchean (ca. 3075) ocelli-hosting pillow basalts, Ivisaartoq greenstone belt, SW Greenland: Evidence for crustal contamination versus crustal recycling. Chem. Geol. 268, 248-271.
Richards, J. R. & Appel, P. W. U. 1987: Age of the “Least Radiogenic” galenas at Isua, West
Greenland. Chem. Geol. (Isotop. Geosci. Sec.) 66, 181-191.
Rollinson, H., Appel, P. W. U. and Touret, J. L. P., 2001: A 3.75 Ga sea-floor hydrothermal
system from the Isua Greenstone belt, west Greenland. Abstract, Edinborough, p. 92.
Rollinson, H. R., Appel, P., W. U. and Frei, R., 2002: A metamorphosed, early Archaean chromitite from West Greenland: Implications for the genesis of Archaean anorthositic chromitites. J. Petrol. 43, 11, 2143-2170.
Schidlowski, M., Appel, P. W. U., Eichmann, R. & Junge, C. E. 1979: Carbon isotope
geochemistry of the 3.7 x 109-yr-old Isua sediments,West Greenland: Implications
for the Archaean carbon and oxygen cycles. Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta, 43, 189-190.
Shimizu, H., Umemoto, N., Masuda, A. & Appel, P. W. U. 1990: Sources of iron-formations
in the Archean Isua and Malene supracrustals, West Greenland: Evidence from La-
Ce and Sm-Nd isotopic data and REE abundances. Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta, 54, 1147-
1154.
Smirnov, G. I., Chaska, A. L., Tarasyyuk, O. N. Fisunova, L. N., Bobrievich, A. P.,
Fedorishin, U. I. & Appel, P. W. U. 1997: Processing of one bulk kimberlite sample
and two stream sediment samples from the Maniitsoq area, West Greenland.
Danmarks and Grønlands Geol. Unders. Rapp. 1997/142, 7 pp.
Huang, H., Polat, A., Fryer, B.J., Appel, P.W.U. & Windley, B. F., 2012: Geochemistry of the Mesoarchean Fiskenaesset Complex at Majorqap qâva, SW Greenland: Evidence for two different magma compositions. Chem. Geol. 316-317, p. 66-72

Touret, J. L. R., Appel, P. W. U. and Rollinson, H. R., 2002: Fluid inclusion in Isua supracrustals: what they can tell about Earth’s surface conditions at about 3.7-3.8 Ga. In: Appel, P. W. U. and Moorbath, S. (eds.): Isua Workshop, Berlin 17-20 January 2002. Geol. Surv. Denmark and Greenland Report 2001/131, 60-63.
Appel, P. W. U. 2010. Major mercury disaster threatening the Philippines. Abstract SEGH meeting Galway Ireland. Conference schedule and abstracts p. 34.
Coggon. J. A., Luguet, A & Appel, P. W. U. 2012
Dating Early Archean partial melting events: whole-rock versus single grain Re-Os ages in the 3.81 Ga Ujaragssuit chromitites of West Greenland- Goldschmidt

Coggon, J. A., Luguet, A., Nowell, G. E. & Appel, P.W.U. 2013:
Hadean mantle melting recorded in Southwest Greenland Chromite 186Os signatures. Nature Geoscience. Doi: 10. 1038/ngeo 1911

Coggon, J. A., Luguet, A., Fonseca, R.O.C., Lorand, J., Heuser, A., & Appel, P.W.U., 2015: Understanding Re-Os systematics and model ages in metamorphosed Archean ultramafic rocks: A single mineral to whole-rock investigation. Geoch. Cosm. Acta 167, 205-240.
Thaysen, E. M., Appel, P. W. U., Skov, H. Asmund, G. & Goodsite, M. E. 2010. Mercury in ambient air, soil and maize from small-scale gold mining communities in Tanzania. Poster at SEGH Meeting Galway, Ireland June 2010. Conference schedule and abstracts p. 135.
Polat, A., Fryer, B.J., Appel, P.W.U., Kalvig, P., Kerrich, R., Dilek, Y., & Yan, Z., 2011. Geochemistry of anorthositic differentiated sills in the Archean (~ 2970 Ma) Fiskenæsset Complex, SW Greenland: Implications for parental magma compositions, geodynamic setting, and secular heat flow in arcs Lithos, 123, Iss. 1-4, 50-72
Appel, P. W. U., Dahl, O., Kalvig, P. & Polat, A. 2010. Discovery of new PGE mineralization in the Precambrian Fiskenæsset anorthosite complex, West Greenland. Danmarks og Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse Rapport, 2010/29, 42 pp. CD enclosed
Appel, P. W. U., Dahl, O., Kalvig, P. & Polat, A. 2011. Discovery of new PGE mineralization in the Precambrian Fiskenæsset anorthosite complex, West Greenland. 2nd edition Danmarks og Grønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse Rapport, 2011/3, 42 pp. CD enclosed
Polat, A., Frei, R., Scherstén, A. and Appel, P. W. U., 2010: New age (ca. 2970 Ma), mantle source composition and geodynamic constraints on the Archean Fiskenæsset anorthosite complex, SW Greenland. Chem. Geol. 277, 1-20.
Polat, A., Fryer, B. J., Appel, P. W. U., Kalvig, P., Kerrich, R., Dilek, Y. & Yang, Z., 2011: Geochemistry of anorthositic differentiated sills in the Archean (~2970 Ma) Fiskenæsset Complex, SW Greenland: Implications for parental magma compositions, geodynamic setting, and secular heat flow in arcs. Lithos 123, 50-72
Polat, A., Wang, L., Appel, P.W.U., 2015. A review of structural patterns and melting processes in the Archean craton of West Greenland: Evidence for crustal growth at convergent plate margins as opposed to non-uniformitarian models. Tectonophysics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2015.04.006.

 

Appel, P.W.U., Hansen, B. & Esbensen, K.H. 2013: Medical geology – contributions from Scandinavia. Abstract volume. Compiled by Asfawossen Asrat. 24th Colloquium of African Geology (CAG24) Addis Ababa January 2013, p. 322.

Appel, P., 2010. Radon og mobiltelefoner. Geoviden 2010, 4, 18-19.
Appel, P. W. U. 2014: Can we prevent mercury from ending up on your dinner plate? Presentation at the University of Cantho, Department of soil science. 14 august