Name              Peter W. U. Appel

Profession      Economic geologist

Date of birth    12 May 1941, Indonesia

Nationality      Danish

Education       Mag. Scient.

Occupation     Consultant

Key qualifications

More than 25 years of experience in Mineral resources assessment, including mineral exploration in Greenland, Bolivia, Laos, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Zambia, Nigeria and Yemen.

More than 15 years experience in small-scale mining issues comprising environmental and health problems, focussing on teaching and training miners replacing gold extraction using mercury with mercury-free gold extraction methods in Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kyrgyz Republic, Mali, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Philippines, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.

Has promoted the mineral resource potential on the international scene for Laos, Yemen, Bolivia, Ethiopia for World Bank.

Written handbooks for staff of Environmental Council of Zambia, Ministry of Mines in Nigeria and Ethiopia dealing with environmental and health issues related to small-scale mining.

Employment records and major assignments

2016 Established a small private company focussing on reducing mercury pollution of Planet Earth

1981- 2016 Senior Research Scientist. Department of Petrology and Ore Geology, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland. Main working responsibilities mineral exploration in Greenland and working on mitigating global mercury pollution caused by small-scale gold mining in SE Asia, Africa and Central- and South America

1976-1979 Research fellow at Max-Planck-Institute of Chemistry, Mainz, Germany. Research on early Archaean greenstone belts.

1975 Worked with UNDP on exploration for diamonds in Lesotho.

1969-1974 Worked with Renzy Mines Ltd. Canada and Nordic Mining Company A/S with mineral exploration in Greenland.

Other employment and working assignments

2015-2018 Developed a technique of extracting mercury and gold from tailings from small-scale gold mining in cooperation with a Danish and an American company. Project financed by the Danish Ministry of Environment and carried out in Nicaragua, Peru and Nevada. The processing plant is being patented.

2012-2019 Teaching miners in Philippines, Indonesia, Tanzania, Mongolia, Sudan, Uganda, Mozambique, Bolivia and Peru in Mercury-free gold extraction technique.

2013-2014 Producing a documentary to DR and other Scandinavian TV channels. Global mercury pollution what are the effects and how can we mitigate them, together with Heinemann Media and Alpha film.

2010-2011 Produced a Handbook and training courses for the Ministry of Environment in Nigeria on environmental hazards caused by small-scale mining. For World Bank.

2009 Consultant to the Danish Embassy in Bolivia on: Identification of the opportunities of promoting the mineral resources of Bolivia.

2009 Conducted an information campaign in Tanzania: Use of soaps containing mercury in Africa – how to fight it? Funded by the Danish Embassy in Dar es Salaam.

2007-2008 Consultant to UNDP for Environmental Council of Zambia (ECZ). Produced a Handbook and training courses for ECZ personnel on environmental hazards caused by small-scale mining activities.

2008-2009 Support to attract private investment to the mining sector of Yemen. For World Bank.

2007-2008 Conducted an information campaign in Uganda: Use of soaps containing mercury in Africa – how to fight it? For Nordic Council of Ministers.

2004 Consultant to World Bank in a small-scale mining survey in Mongolia and a project entitled: Strengthening of Management Capabilities in Department of Geology and Mines of Lao PDR.

2003 Consultant to World Bank in a baseline survey of small-scale mining in Kyrgyz Republic and in a Sources of Growth study of Lao PDR.

Produced an educational video on the mercury-free gold extraction process together with Heinemann Media, Denmark: The video is on you tube in four languishes, July 2019 the English and Spanish versions had more than 1.2 million hits. It is available in English, Spanish, French and Indonesian